Rescue Agreement

Bearing in mind resolution 2260 (XXII) of 3 November 1967, in which the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space is invited to continue its work urgently to develop an agreement on liability for damage caused by the firing of objects into space, as well as an agreement to assist and return astronauts and space vehicles. When a spacecraft`s personnel land in the territory of a contracting party due to accidents, emergencies, emergencies or accidental landings, they immediately take all possible measures to save it and provide them with all necessary assistance. It informs the launch authority and the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the steps it has taken and their progress. If the assistance of the launch authority contributed to a rapid rescue or contributed significantly to the effectiveness of search and rescue operations, the launch authority cooperates with the contracting party to carry out search and rescue operations. These measures are subject to the management and control of the contracting party, which acts in close and ongoing consultation with the launching authority. The bailout agreement essentially stipulates that any State party to the agreement must provide all possible assistance to rescue the personnel of a spaceship that has landed on the territory of that state, whether as a result of an accident, an emergency, an emergency or an accidental landing. If distress occurs in an area outside the territory of a nation, each part of the state able to do so will increase assistance in the search and rescue operation, if necessary. The UN General Assembly adopted the text of the bailout agreement on 19 December 1967 by Resolution 2345 (XXII). The convention was opened for signature on April 22, 1968 and came into force on December 3, 1968. Since January 2019, 98 states have ratified the bailout agreement, 23 have signed and three international intergovernmental organizations (the European Space Agency, the Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications and the European Organization for the Use of Meteorological Satellites) have declared their acceptance of the rights and obligations conferred by the agreement. [1] The rescue agreement has been criticized because it is vague, particularly with regard to the definition of who can be saved and the definition of what constitutes a spacecraft and its components.

The agreement on the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of objects that have entered space is also called the Rescue Agreement, an international agreement that defines the rights and obligations of states to rescue people in space. The agreement was reached by a consensus vote at the United Nations General Assembly on 19 December 1967 (Resolution 2345 (XXII)) It came into force on 3 December 1968. Its provisions specify the rescue provisions set out in Article V of the 1967 Space Treaty. Although the bailout agreement is more specific and detailed than the rule of rescue of Article V of the Space Treaty, it still suffers from vague formulations and the possibility of differences of interpretation. The relevance of an international treaty is measured not only by the rationality, coherence and scope of its conditions, but also by its effective implementation. Transposition within the framework of international treaties concerns both the transposition into the legal order, i.e. by nation states in their national jurisdictions, and the implementation of facts, situations or disputes. The 1968 rescue agreement now reflects broad consensus on the procedures that should apply to the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of space objects.